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  Home  »  Kyrgyzstan  »  Main cities

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Main cities



Uzgen (Ozgen) - Some 55 kilometers north-east of Osh with a predominantly Uzbek population and this region was the scene in 1990 of ethnic conflict between elements in the local Kyrgyz and Uzbek communities in which there was a large loss of life.

There are many claims made the city, that:

  • it has a history of over 2000 years

  • it has been the site of a number of citadels built at various times since the 1st century BC.

  • It is sometimes identified with the Toen on Yu mentioned in 2nd century BC Chinese Chronicles.

  • that it was the site of a camp for some of Alexander the Greats troops

  • that it is one of only two cities in Kyrgyzstan to have existed continuously fromitsfoundation in ancient times to the present

UzgenIt was an important center on the trade routes between the Ferghana and Semirechye (Seven Rivers region). Uzgen became a highly developed town in the Karakhanid epoch and developed into a large trading and handicrafts centre.

At that time there were a large number of mints producing coins and about 900 coins have been identified as being minted in Uzgen around the turn of the millenium.

Tenth century accounts depict the sity as populous and busy, with a citadel, sackhristan bazaars - with gardens and canals laid out around the city. There was a city wall around the entire settlement with four gates. There were no bridges across the river - and it was necessary to ford the waters.

In the 11th and 12th centuries Uzgen was one of the capitals of the Karakhanid State (at that time it was called Mavarannahr). However, from the 13th century it gradually lost its economic significance.

The ancient city of Uzgen was located on a high bank of the Kara-Darya river and consisted of three shakhristans, of which only hills and ruined walls remain.

However, an 11th century minaret survives and three Mausoleums dating from the 11th and 12th centuries and are acclaimed as one of the unique architectural sites of medieval Central Asia. The complex has been recently restored and is featured on the back of the 50 som note.

A little to the North East are the petroglyphs of Kara Dzhar.

The economy of modern day Uzgen is basically agricultural. Rice is grown in the surrounding area and tobacco, apples and sunflowers (for the oil) are also basic crops. There is a brewery in the town, which is very highly rated locally.


Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. It has population of approximately 1,000 000. Originally founded in 1878 as the Russian fortress of Pishpek, between 1926 and 1991 it was known as Frunze, after the Bolshevik military leader Mikhail Frunze. The name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a ...

Tokmok is a city of about 75,000 (2005) in northern Kyrgyzstan, east of the country's capital of Bishkek. Its geographical location is 4250N, 7517'E; its altitude is 816 m above sea level. From 2004 until 19 April 2006 it served as the administrative seat of Chui Region.Tokmok was established as a ...

Cholpon-Ata is the largest town on the Northern shore of the Issyk-Kul lake, about half way along, some 250 kilometers from Bishkek. Summer always saw large numbers of tourists in one of the nearby sanatoria or tour resorts (Cholpon-Ata boasts one of the two Presidential residences on the lake), and ...

Karakol (- black arm in Kyrgyz) is a city of about 75,000, located at 42.49 N, 78.39 E near the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan and about 150 km from the Kyrgyz-Chinese border. It is the administrative capital of Issyk-Kul Region.HistoryA Russian military outpost founded on 1 July ...

Naryn is the provincial administrative center of the Naryn region in central Kyrgyzstan, with a population of 40,049 (1999). It is situated on both banks of the Naryn River, one of the main head waters of the Syr-Darya, which cuts a picturesque gorge through the town. The city has a regional museum ...

Talas is a small town in northwestern Kyrgyzstan, located in a long valley between two imposing mountain ranges. Its population is 32,538 (as of 1999). It is the administrative headquarters of Talas region. The town was founded by East Slavic settlers in 1877.Its economy traditionally oriented towards ...

Jalalabat (also Dzhalal-Abad; since 2003 also spelled Jalalabad and Jalal-Abad) is the administrative and economic center of Jalal-Abad Region in southwestern Kyrgyzstan, with a population of about 75,000. It is situated at the north-eastern end of the Fergana valley along the Kugart river valley, in ...

Osh is an ancient city in the Fergana Valley of southern Kyrgyzstan, allegedly 3,000 years old. It has an ethnically mixed population of about 220,000 (in 2003), comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and Tajiks. Serious ethnic clashes occurred here and in nearby Uzgen in 1990.Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan ...

Batken city is the center of the oblast and rayon of the same name. The town of Batken obtained its city status when it was designated the administrative center of the oblast in year 2000. The city is well known for its Batken apricots, for their taste is well known both in the republic and beyond. ...

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