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Main cities


Jalalabat

Jalalabat

Jalalabat (also Dzhalal-Abad; since 2003 also spelled Jalalabad and Jalal-Abad) is the administrative and economic center of Jalal-Abad Region in southwestern Kyrgyzstan, with a population of about 75,000. It is situated at the north-eastern end of the Fergana valley along the Kugart river valley, in the foothills of the Babash Ata mountains, very close to the Uzbek border.

Jalalabad is known for a number of mineral springs in its surroundings, and the water from the nearby Hozret-Ayub-Paigambar spa was long believed to cure lepers. Several Soviet era sanatoria offer mineral water treatment programs for people with various chronic diseases. Bottled mineral water from the region is sold around the country and abroad.

One of the branches of the Silk Road passed through Jalalabad, and the region has played host to travelers for thousands of years, although few archaeological remains are visible today, except in some of the more remote parts of the oblast such as Saimalu Tash and the Chaktal valley.

Jalalabad region covers 33,647 square kilometers in the south-west of Kyrgyzstan. Except for the small fringes of the Fergana valley, it is a land of mountains. The world's oldest and largest natural walnut forests are in the Arslanbob region of Jalalabad. A pearl of the region is the Sary-Chelek nature reserve with a beautiful alpine lake surrounded by wild fruit orchards and snow-covered peaks. There are unlimited trekking possibilities in the area, but the lack of infrastructure, except at Arslanbob, poses problems to visitors; a biodiversity conservation program supported by the government and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is working to protect these natural resources and promote soft tourism.

The region is a center for fruit and vegetable growing and people are engaged in producing wheat, fruits, vegetables, maize, nuts, tobacco and silk-worm cocoons. There are some light-industry plants and hydroelectric stations. Most of the extraction of minerals, natural gas, coal, metals and oil of the Soviet era has ceased.






Bishkek
Bishkek
Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. It has population of approximately 1,000 000. Originally founded in 1878 as the Russian fortress of Pishpek, between 1926 and 1991 it was known as Frunze, after the Bolshevik military leader Mikhail Frunze. The name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a ...


Tokmok
Tokmok
Tokmok is a city of about 75,000 (2005) in northern Kyrgyzstan, east of the country's capital of Bishkek. Its geographical location is 42°50N, 75°17'E; its altitude is 816 m above sea level. From 2004 until 19 April 2006 it served as the administrative seat of Chui Region.Tokmok was established as a ...


Cholpon-Ata
Cholpon-Ata
Cholpon-Ata is the largest town on the Northern shore of the Issyk-Kul lake, about half way along, some 250 kilometers from Bishkek. Summer always saw large numbers of tourists in one of the nearby sanatoria or tour resorts (Cholpon-Ata boasts one of the two Presidential residences on the lake), and ...


Karakol
Karakol
Karakol (Каракол - black arm in Kyrgyz) is a city of about 75,000, located at 42.49 N, 78.39 E near the eastern tip of Lake Issyk-Kul in Kyrgyzstan and about 150 km from the Kyrgyz-Chinese border. It is the administrative capital of Issyk-Kul Region.HistoryA Russian military outpost founded on 1 July ...


Naryn
Naryn
Naryn is the provincial administrative center of the Naryn region in central Kyrgyzstan, with a population of 40,049 (1999). It is situated on both banks of the Naryn River, one of the main head waters of the Syr-Darya, which cuts a picturesque gorge through the town. The city has a regional museum ...


Talas
Talas
Talas is a small town in northwestern Kyrgyzstan, located in a long valley between two imposing mountain ranges. Its population is 32,538 (as of 1999). It is the administrative headquarters of Talas region. The town was founded by East Slavic settlers in 1877.Its economy traditionally oriented towards ...


Uzgen
Uzgen
Uzgen (Ozgen) - Some 55 kilometers north-east of Osh – with a predominantly Uzbek population and this region was the scene in 1990 of ethnic conflict between elements in the local Kyrgyz and Uzbek communities in which there was a large loss of life. There are many claims made the city, that: it has ...


Osh
Osh
Osh is an ancient city in the Fergana Valley of southern Kyrgyzstan, allegedly 3,000 years old. It has an ethnically mixed population of about 220,000 (in 2003), comprising Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and Tajiks. Serious ethnic clashes occurred here and in nearby Uzgen in 1990.Osh is the second largest city in Kyrgyzstan ...


Batken
Batken
Batken city is the center of the oblast and rayon of the same name. The town of Batken obtained its city status when it was designated the administrative center of the oblast in year 2000. The city is well known for its Batken apricots, for their taste is well known both in the republic and beyond. ...


 
 
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